Agent Name
CAS Number
Major Category
Nitrogen Compounds
2-Amino-2-methyl-1-propanol formula graphical representation
1,1-Dimethyl-2-hydroxyethylamine; 1-Propanol, 2-amino-2-methyl-; 2-Amino-1-hydroxy-2-methylpropane; 2-Amino-2,2-dimethylethanol; 2-Amino-2-methylpropan-1-ol; 2-Amino-2-methylpropanol; 2-Aminodimethylethanol; 2-Aminoisobutanol; 2-Hydroxymethyl-2-propylamine; 2-Methyl-2-aminopropanol; 2-Methyl-2-aminopropanol-1; AMP; AMP (thinner); AMP 75; AMP 95; AMP Regular; Aminomethylpropanol; AMP-95; Corrguard 75; Hydroxy-tert-butylamine; Isobutanol-2-amine; KV 5088; beta-Aminoisobutanol; [ChemIDplus] Isobutanolamine; [ICSC]
Amines, Aliphatic
Solid; mp = 30-31 deg C; Commercial form may be thick liquid; [Merck Index] Colorless viscous liquid; mp = 24-28 deg C; [MSDSonline]
Used to make other chemicals (surface-active agents, vulcanization accelerators, and pharmaceuticals) and as an emulsifying agent for cosmetic creams and lotions, mineral oil and paraffin wax emulsions, leather dressings, textile specialties, polishes, cleaning compounds, and so-called soluble oils; Also used in hair sprays, wave sets, hair dyes, Pamabrom (drug), and absorbents for acidic gases; [Merck Index] Used as a pigment dispersant for water-based paints, resin solubilizer, corrosion inhibitor, protecting agent for carbonyl groups and in boiler-water treatment; [CHEMINFO]
Corrosive to the eyes; A respiratory tract and severe skin irritant; May cause liver injury if ingested; [ICSC] May cause skin irritation after prolonged contact; Emergency treatment: Irritants; [HSDB] Highly irritating or corrosive to rabbit skin; Not sensitizing to guinea pig skin in the Buehler Test; Histopathological changes to liver observed in 28-day and 3-month feeding studies of dogs; [IUCLID] Irritating to skin; May be corrosive to eye; Harmful to aquatic organisms; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] Skin designation; [MAK]
Biomedical References

Exposure Assessment

1 ppm
Vapor Pressure
1 mm Hg
Explanatory Notes
Flash point = 67 deg C; [ICSC] VP from ChemIDplus;
high ambient temp required

Adverse Effects

Hepatoxic (a) from occupational exposure (secondary effect) or (b) in animal studies or in humans after ingestion

Diseases, Processes, and Activities Linked to This Agent